Neuro-oncology refers to the diagnosis and treatment of brain cancer, nervous system tumors and nervous system complications caused by other types of cancer. Brain tumors, whether malignant or benign, are serious conditions that require prompt and thorough treatment. Even benign brain tumors can grow and become life-threatening. Patients with brain tumors may experience weakness, difficulty walking, seizures and headaches, although these symptoms can vary depending on the type, size and location of the tumor. Some patients may also notice changes in memory, speech, personality or emotions.
Diagnosis of neuro-oncology conditions involves a series of tests such as physical examination, CT scan or MRI to produce internal images of the brain. A biopsy may also be performed to remove a small tissue sample from the targeted area. Our advanced diagnostic technology allows for the most accurate visual evaluation of the brain.
Treatment for brain cancer and related tumors involves thorough yet precise care to effectively remove the tumor without damaging neurological functions. Most cases are treated with complete surgical resection, which may be followed by chemotherapy or radiation therapy, especially if the tumor was not completely removed during the initial procedure. We offer patients the most advanced, state-of-the-art cancer treatments, including the Gamma Knife and Tomo Therapy, in order to provide safe and effective care for these dangerous conditions.
Neurotrauma involves an injury to the brain, spinal cord or peripheral nerves as a result of a fall, motor vehicle accident or other type of traumatic incident. Patients with neurotrauma may experience headache, neck pain, memory problems, confusion, fatigue, nausea, blurred vision and other unsettling symptoms. These conditions can lead to serious complications affecting numerous body systems if not treated properly. It is important for patients to seek immediate care for any type of neurological injury in order to reduce the risk of permanent damage.
Treatment for neurotraumatic conditions depends on the severity of the injury, but may include pain medication, anti-seizure medications or surgery, which may be performed in an emergency setting. Surgery may involve removing blood clots, repairing fractures or creating an opening in the skull to relieve pressure. After treatment, patients will likely need to undergo rehabilitation to restore lost skills such as walking or talking.
Electromyography (EMG) is a diagnostic exam that evaluates the health of the muscles and the nerves that control them by measuring muscle electrical activity. This test is most commonly performed to determine the cause of muscle weakness and identify cases that are caused by neurologic disorders such as carpal tunnel syndrome, peripheral neuropathy and others rather than primary muscle conditions.
During the EMG exam, thin needle electrodes are inserted through the skin and into the muscle, where they detect electrical activity while the muscle is at rest and contracting. Patients may experience mild pain when the electrodes are inserted, but this is tolerable for most. This test is usually performed in conjunction with a nerve conduction velocity test.
Normal results of an EMG test indicate muscles that do not produce any electrical activity while at rest and progressively increasing with contraction. After the test, patients may experience feelings of tenderness or bruising on the affected muscle.
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